Context: According to a recent report, climate change-induced droughts are now posing a threat to the rhino population in Africa, alongside poaching and habitat loss.
Key Points of Report
- According to the report: Habitat loss, poaching and climate change continue to threaten the existence of all five rhino species.
- Apart from poaching and habitat loss, climate change-induced droughts have been threatening the rhino population in Africa.
- According to the report, the landscape-level threat of invasive species to Greater One-Horned rhinos is significant.
- The national park is connected to Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuary in the east, and it can create link across all protected areas that house rhinos — Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Orang National Park, the Laokhowa and Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuaries and Kaziranga National Park.
World Rhino Day
- First announced by: World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - South Africa in 2010
- Objectives: Strengthening protection, Expanding the distribution range, Research, and monitoring, Adequate and sustained funding.
- Five Species: White and Black rhinos in Africa, and the greater one-horned, Javan and Sumatran rhino species in Asia.
- IUCN Red List Status
o White Rhino: Near Threatened.
o Black Rhino: Critically endangered.
o Greater One Horned: Vulnerable.
o Javan: Critically Endangered
o Sumatran Rhino: Critically Endangered
- About: It is the largest of the rhino species. It is identified by a single black horn and a grey-brown hide with skin folds.
o India is home to the largest number of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros in the world.
- Habitat: Indo-Nepal terai and northern West Bengal and Assam.
- Found: found in Kaziranga NP, Pobitora WLS, Orang NP, Manas NP, Jaldapara NP and Gorumara NP and Dudhwa TR.