ETHANOL BLENDING PROGRAMME (Syllabus: GS Paper 3– Energy/Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     22nd September 2023        
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Context: The Centre recently expressed confidence in achieving its goal of 12% ethanol blending with petrol by the end of the current ethanol supply year, which concludes in October.

Ethanol Blending Programme

  • About: The Centre had “launched pilot projects wherein 5% ethanol-blended petrol was supplied to retail outlets”.
  • Launched: In 2003 on a pilot basis and has been subsequently extended to 21 states and 4 Union Territories.
  • Implemented by: Ministry or Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs).
  • Aim: Reducing the country’s dependence on crude oil imports, cutting carbon emissions and boosting farmers’ incomes. 
  • Targets: 10 percent ethanol blending in petrol by the end of 2022 and 20 percent blending by 2030.


  • About: It is also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is a clear, colourless, and flammable liquid. It is a type of alcohol.
  • Produced by: Molasses, a byproduct of sugar manufacture.
  • Uses: Production of solvents, cleaning agents, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and chemicals.

    National Biofuel Policy (2018): It envisaged an indicative target of 20% (E20 target) ethanol blending in petrol by year 2025-26 advanced from 2030, after achieving the target of 10% ethanol blending (E10).

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