SUGAR INDUSTRY IN INDIA (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     17th October 2023        
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Context: The Centre may consider imposing stock limits on sugar trade recently if inventory disclosure is not upheld.Sugar Industry in India

  • In India's sugar industry, sugarcane is a heavy, low-value, weight-losing, and perishable raw material.
  • India ranks second globally in sugar production, but it leads in gur and khandsari production.
  • Due to sucrose content loss, sugarcane cannot be preserved indefinitely.
  • India, a major player in the global sugar trade, produced 33 million metric tonnes of sugar in 2017/2018.
  • The country is currently experiencing record-high sugar output and is on course to surpass Brazil as the world's leading sugar producer.

Sugarcane

  • Temperature: Ideally between 21-27°C, in a hot and humid climate.
  • Rainfall: Requiring approximately 75-100 cm of annual precipitation.
  • Soil Type: Thriving in deep, nutrient-rich loamy soil.
  • Geographical Distribution: The top sugarcane-producing states are Maharashtra, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • Sugarcane can be grown on various soil types, including sandy loam and clay loam, provided they are well-drained.
  • Sugarcane serves as the primary source for sugar, Gur (jaggery), khandsari, and molasses production.
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