NGRMP (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Disaster Management)

News-CRUX-10     17th October 2023        
Samadhaan

Context: Recently, the Centre prepared to launch a ₹150 crore National Glacial Lake Outburst Floods Risk Mitigation Programme (NGRMP) in response to the Sikkim flash flood.

  • It will be implemented in four Himalayan states and Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh.

Key Points NGRMP

  • The first phase is expected to start this fiscal and continue till 2025-26
  • The Centre will fund 135 crore through the National Disaster Mitigation Fund and states will pitch in with the remaining 15 crore.
  • Four Components

o Component 1: It will focus on Glof hazard and risk assessment. 15% of the programme budget will go towards creating and updating a glacial lake inventory

o Component 2; It will focus on 'Glof monitoring and early warning system. 35% of the allocation will go towards remote sensing techniqu- es, advanced seismometers, water level sensors, cameras and trigger lines to monitor risk prone lakes.

o Component 3: It will focus on Glof mitigation measures. It will have maximum outlay at 40% of the budget and will look at site specific inter- ventions such as reinforcing unsafe moraine dams at glacial lakes, drai- ning of lake waters.

o Component 4: It will be dedicated to awareness generation and community centric capacity building involving multiple stakeholders.

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

  • About: NDMA is India’s apex statutory body for disaster management.
  • Constituted: On 27th September 2006, by the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • Composition: The Prime Minister is its chairperson and it has 9 other members. 
  • Aim: To spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to Disaster Management in India.
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