INS SUMEDHA (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Security)

News-CRUX-10     17th October 2023        
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Context: INS Sumedha recently made a port call in Lagos, Nigeria during its deployment to the Gulf of Guinea.

INS Sumedha

  • It is third of the indigenously designed and manufactured ‘Saryu’ Class Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel (NOPV)
  • The ship has the capability to be deployed for multiple roles independently and in support of Fleet Operations.
  • It is equipped with weapon systems, sensors, state of art navigation, communication systems and Electronic Warfare suites. 
  • INS Sumedha has undertaken various Fleet support operations.


  • About: It is an African country on the Gulf of Guinea, has many natural landmarks and wildlife reserves
  • Capital: Abuja
  • Currency: Naira
  • Protected Areas: Cross River National Park and Yankari National Parks
  • Vegetation: Savanna and rare primate habitats. 
  • Shares borders with: Niger in the North, Chad in the North-East, Cameroon in the East & Benin in the West.
  • Nigeria's economy is the largest in Africa.
  • Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world, Petroleum accounting for 40% of GDP and 80% of government earnings.

Gulf of Guinea

  • The Gulf of Guinea constitutes the most northeastern section of the tropical Atlantic Ocean.
  • This gulf serves as the point where the Equator and Prime Meridian intersect, marked at zero degrees latitude and longitude.
  • The Gulf of Guinea receives various river inflows, including the Niger and Volta rivers.