PROJECT SOORYA (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     15th March 2024        

Context: ISRO has formalised a project team, internally named ‘SOORYA’, to start building the New Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV).

Project SOORYA

  • About: Establishing a 3rd launch pad at Sriharikota is essential due to the differing configuration of the NGLV compared to current rockets.
  • Multi-stage Launch Capability: NGLV boasts a 3-stage launch vehicle design, enhancing its efficiency and adaptability for various missions.
  • Environmentally Friendly Fuel Options: Utilizes green fuel combinations like methane-liquid oxygen or kerosene-liquid oxygen, ensuring reduced environmental impact during launches.
  • Enhanced Payload Capacity: Offers a payload capacity of up to 10 tonnes to Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO), more than doubling the capability of India's current heaviest rocket, the LVM-3.
  • Reusability for Cost Efficiency: Features recoverable parts, enabling reusability and significantly reducing launch costs to around $1,900 per kg to Low Earth Orbit (LEO).
  • Cost-Competitive Solution: With its reusability, NGLV provides a cost-effective alternative with a lower launch cost compared to expendable configurations, contributing to economic viability.
  • Aligning with India’s Space Vision 2047: Supports the national goal of establishing a space station by 2035 and eventual lunar exploration by Indian astronauts, in line with India’s Space Vision 2047.

Next Generation Launch Vehicle

  • About: The Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV), formerly known as the Unified Launch Vehicle (ULV), is a project led by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • Features: The NGLV is envisaged as a three-stage rocket with partial reusability, a departure from the current operational systems like PSLV, GSLV, and LVM3.
  • Purpose and Objective: Designed with the aim to modernize and enhance India's space launch capabilities, the NGLV seeks to replace existing launch platforms, ensuring better efficiency and adaptability.
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