PM-AJAY (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Health)

News-CRUX-10     15th April 2024        
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Context: Recently, there have been discussions about expanding the scope of the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), potentially encompassing all citizens above the age of 70 and the transgender community, if the ruling party returns to power this year.

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

  • About: It is also known as Jan Arogya Abhiyaan, or the National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) or Modicare.
  • This initiatives has been created with the goal of aligning with SDG principles, which is “leave no one behind”.
  • Ministry:  Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • Implementing Agency: National Health Authority (NHA)
  • Aim: To make significant changes in healthcare by addressing all aspects of health (like prevention, promotion, and outpatient care) across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Launched by: National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
  • Funding: Centrally Sponsored Scheme  (expenditure incurred in premium payment will be shared between Central and State governments).
  • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM): It was introduced in 2021 with the aim of issuing Unique Digital Health IDs (UHID) to every Indian citizen. 

oThis initiative facilitates electronic access to health records for hospitals, insurance companies, and citizens as needed.

  • Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) IDs.

oAbout: Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) is an account/ number used to link all the health records of a person. 

oABHA is an integral component of the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), which is India's flagship national health protection scheme.

oAny individual can enroll in Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) to generate a Health ID or ABHA, free of cost.

oABHA number is a 14-digit number that will uniquely identify you as a participant in India’s digital healthcare ecosystem.

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