NUCFDC (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     2nd March 2024        
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Context: Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation will launch National Urban Co-operative Finance and Development Corporation Limited (NUCFDC).


  • Formation: NUCFDC serves as the central entity for Urban Cooperative Banks (UCBs), streamlining their operations and regulatory interactions.
  • Objectives:

oModernization and Strengthening: Its primary goal is to modernize and fortify the Urban Cooperative Banking Sector in India, fostering mutual benefits for banks and customers.

oFacilitating Communication: NUCFDC acts as a platform to enhance communication between banks and regulators while addressing sector-specific challenges.

  • Capital Target: NUCFDC aims to raise a capital of Rs. 300 crores, providing a robust financial foundation.
  • Regulatory Approval: It has obtained the Certificate of Registration (CoR) from the RBI, authorizing its operation as a Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC). Additionally, it will function as a Self-Regulatory Organization (SRO) for the sector.
  • Services Offered by NUCFDC: NUCFDC plans to establish a shared technology platform for UCBs, expanding their service offerings while minimizing operational costs.
  • Consultancy and Fund Management: Besides liquidity and capital support, NUCFDC can provide consultancy services and efficient fund management solutions.

Significance of NUCFDC

  • It aligns with the national objectives of 'Sahakar se Samriddhi' (Prosperity through Cooperation) and 'Aatma Nirbhar' Bharat (Self-Reliant India), contributing to the economic growth and resilience of the nation.

Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs)

  • Definition: Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs) are primary cooperative banks situated in urban and semi-urban areas, although lacking a formal definition.
  • Evolution: Until 1996, UCBs were restricted to lending exclusively for non-agricultural purposes, a policy that has since been overturned.
  • Community-Centric Origins: UCBs historically revolved around specific communities, localities, and workplace groups, serving as integral financial institutions for small borrowers and businesses.
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