NEW GECKO SPECIES (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     15th November 2023        
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Context: Recently, the scientific community officially introduced the newly discovered species, 'Cyrtodactylus vairengtensis,' named after the town in Mizoram where it was found, and proposed the common name 'Vairengte bent-toed gecko.'

New Gecko Species

  • Name of Species: ‘Cyrtodactylus vairengtensis
  • Found in: Mizoram
  • Suggested Common Name: Vairengte bent-toed gecko
  • Features: Number of femoral pores that distinguishes it from other members of the Cyrtodactylus family.
  • Femoral pores, found on the underside of the hind legs in lizards, secrete a mixture of lipids and proteins, believed to be used for attracting mates and marking territories.
  • Endemic to Mizoram, the new species increases the count of geckos native to the state to 6 and 22 across northeast India.
  • Across the world, there are 335 gecko species, with 42 of them being found in India.


Gecko

  • About: These are reptiles and are found on all the continents except Antarctica.
  • Adapted to a range of environments, from rainforests to deserts and cold mountain slopes, these colorful lizards showcase remarkable versatility.
  • Generally small and primarily nocturnal, these reptiles form a diverse group.
  • Spread across 6 families: Carphodactylidae, Diplodactylidae, Eublepharidae, Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, and Sphaerodactylidae.
Samadhaan