KUTCH AJRAKH (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture)

News-CRUX-10     3rd May 2024        
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Context: Recently, the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks (CGPDTM) awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) certificate to the traditional artisans of 'Kutch Ajrakh,' originating from Gujarat's vibrant Kutch region.,

Kutch Ajrakh

  • About: The Ajrakh textile craft boasts a millennia-long legacy, deeply woven into the cultural fabric of Gujarat, particularly Sindh, Barmer, and Kutch.
  • Hand-Block Printing: Ajrakh involves a meticulous process of hand-block printing on treated cotton cloth, resulting in intricate designs rich in symbolism and history.
  • Introduced by: This craft was introduced to the Kutch region over 400 years ago by the Sindhi Muslim community.
  • Origin of the Name: The name "Ajrakh" finds its roots in "Azrak," meaning indigo, a prominent dye used to achieve the characteristic blue color.
  • Symbolic Color Palette: Traditionally, Ajrakh prints use three colors: blue symbolizing the sky, red representing the land and fire, and white signifying the stars.
  • Natural Dyes and Washing Ritual: The textiles are treated with natural dyes derived from vegetables and minerals, undergoing a rigorous washing cycle eight times.
  • Nomadic Communities: Nomadic pastoralist and agricultural communities like the Rabaris, Maldharis, and Ahirs traditionally incorporate Ajrakh printed cloth into their attire, using it for turbans, lungis, or stoles.

    GI Tag 

    • About: It is a symbol used on items that come from a particular geographical area and have qualities or a reputation linked to that place of origin.
    • Nodal Ministry: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
    • Tenure: 10 Years
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