News-CRUX-10     5th September 2023        

Context: Recently, Rayagada shawls and Koraput Kalajeera Rice, an aromatic rice variety, have been granted Geographical Indication (GI) status.

Rayagada shawls (Kapdaganda)

  • Kapdaganda is the esteemed traditional shawl of the Dongria Kondh tribe, a particularly vulnerable indigenous community residing in the Niyamgiri hills of Rayagada and Kalahandi districts. 
  • This shawl holds immense significance as it represents a vital part of their cultural and ethnic heritage. 
  • The artistic and craftwork of the Dongria Kondh people beautifully portrays the mountains' importance in their lives. 
  • Due to the high demand for this shawl among both local and international tourists, some traders have begun producing inexpensive imitations of the handwoven Kapdaganda, potentially diluting its cultural and artistic value.

Koraput Kalajeera Rice

  • The farmers of Koraput district in Odisha have cultivated Kalajeera rice over generations.
  • Known as the 'Prince of Rice,' it is a fragrant variety of rice.
  • This rice is highly popular among consumers due to its black color, aromatic scent, delicious taste, and pleasing texture.
  • Ancient texts suggest that Kalajeera rice may enhance memory and help manage diabetes.
  • It is believed to boost hemoglobin levels and metabolism in the body.
  • This fragrant grain possesses several beneficial properties, including antispasmodic, stomachic, carminative, antibacterial, astringent, and sedative qualities.

What is GI Tag?

  • It is a symbol used on items that come from a particular geographical area and have qualities or a reputation linked to that place of origin.
  • Nodal Ministry: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • Tenure: 10 Years
  • Regulated By: Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999.
  • India’s First GI Product: Darjeeling Tea (2004-05)