ALLIGATOR GAR FISH (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     5th September 2023        

Context: A non-native alligator gar fish, known for its crocodile-like head and razor-sharp teeth, was found in one of Kashmir’s idyllic lakes, raising apprehensions about its impact on the native fish species.

  • The rare, carnivorous fish was caught by the Jammu and Kashmir Lake Conservation and Management Authority (LCMA) during the routine deweeding process near Sher-e-Kashmir International Convention Centre (SKICC).

Alligator Gar Fish

  • A close relative of the bowfin species.
  • Known for its crocodile-like head and razor-sharp teeth.
  • One of the biggest freshwater fish in North America and the largest species in the ‘gar’ family.
  • Grows rapidly and has a lifespan of 20-30 years.
  • Can survive in cold water (11-23 degrees Celsius).
  • Geographical distribution: Northern and Central America and Mexico.
  • Threats: A predator fish that poses a threat to native species and the overall ecosystem.
  • IUCN Status: Least Concern.

About Dal Lake

  • Location: Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It is one of the world's largest natural lakes and the second-largest lake in J&K.
  • Also known as the "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel".
  • It is also an important source for fishing and water plant harvesting.
  • The floating gardens, known as Raad” in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August.
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