FUJIAN (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     10th May 2024        

Context: China’s third aircraft carrier, Fujian, has successfully completed its eight-day maiden sea trials.


  • About: The Fujian, a Type 003 class vessel, marks a significant leap forward for China's naval capabilities, boasting 80,000 tonnes.
  • Technological Advancements: Equipped with electromagnetic catapults, the Fujian enables more frequent sorties, enhancing operational efficiency.
  • Expansion Plans: China aims to bolster its naval strength by expanding its blue-water fleet to six aircraft carriers by 2035, positioning itself as a formidable maritime power.
  • Size: With a displacement of nearly 80,000 metric tons.
  • Design: The Fujian represents China's first CATOBAR aircraft carrier, featuring a fully indigenous design and three electromagnetic catapults, diverging from the ski-jump flight decks of previous carriers.
  • EMALS Implementation: Fujian will utilize the upgraded Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS), similar to the technology employed by the US Navy on its advanced super carriers.
  • China’s First aircraft carrier: Liaoning was commissioned in 2012 and the 
  • Second aircraft carrier: Shadong was launched in 2017.