News-CRUX-10     10th May 2024        

Context: The 46th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) and the 26th Meeting of the Committee for Environment Protection (CEP) will be held in Kochi from May 20-30.

 Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM)

  • About: The meeting occurs annually as part of the Antarctic Treaty System, providing a platform for Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties and stakeholders to address various environmental, scientific, and governance concerns related to Antarctica.
  • Importance of Meeting: It plays a crucial role in protecting Antarctica's delicate ecosystem and advancing scientific exploration in the area.
  • Held: Every two years.

Antarctic Treaty

  • Origins:  The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington on December 1, 1959, by 12 countries involved in the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-58.
  • Global Acceptance: Enacted in 1961, the Treaty has garnered adherence from 56 nations, showcasing broad international support and recognition.
  • Diverse Representation: The Treaty's signatories encompass a diverse range of nations worldwide, emphasizing a global consensus on its principles.
  • Participation Criteria: Nations are eligible to partake in Consultative Meetings upon demonstrating substantial research activity in Antarctica.
  • Framework and Governance: Comprising 14 articles, the Treaty establishes a comprehensive framework for governing activities in Antarctica.
  • Peaceful Utilization: Central to the Treaty is the stipulation that Antarctica must be utilized solely for peaceful purposes, forbidding any militaristic endeavors while allowing for military involvement in scientific or peaceful pursuits.

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