ANTARCTIC TREATY CONSULTATIVE MEETING (Syllabus: GS Paper 2– IR)

News-CRUX-10     10th May 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: The 46th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) and the 26th Meeting of the Committee for Environment Protection (CEP) will be held in Kochi from May 20-30.


 Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM)

  • About: The meeting occurs annually as part of the Antarctic Treaty System, providing a platform for Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties and stakeholders to address various environmental, scientific, and governance concerns related to Antarctica.
  • Importance of Meeting: It plays a crucial role in protecting Antarctica's delicate ecosystem and advancing scientific exploration in the area.
  • Held: Every two years.


Antarctic Treaty

  • Origins:  The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington on December 1, 1959, by 12 countries involved in the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-58.
  • Global Acceptance: Enacted in 1961, the Treaty has garnered adherence from 56 nations, showcasing broad international support and recognition.
  • Diverse Representation: The Treaty's signatories encompass a diverse range of nations worldwide, emphasizing a global consensus on its principles.
  • Participation Criteria: Nations are eligible to partake in Consultative Meetings upon demonstrating substantial research activity in Antarctica.
  • Framework and Governance: Comprising 14 articles, the Treaty establishes a comprehensive framework for governing activities in Antarctica.
  • Peaceful Utilization: Central to the Treaty is the stipulation that Antarctica must be utilized solely for peaceful purposes, forbidding any militaristic endeavors while allowing for military involvement in scientific or peaceful pursuits.

output themes