BLUE ECONOMY (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     23rd March 2024        

Context: Recently, the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) organized a consultative workshop in New Delhi focused on the Blue Economy.

Blue Economy

  • About: The Blue Economy revolves around the sustainable utilization of ocean resources to foster economic growth, enhance livelihoods, and generate employment opportunities.
  • Origin: The idea was first introduced by Gunter Pauli in his 2010 book, "The Blue Economy: 10 years, 100 innovations, 100 million jobs."
  • Objectives and Focus: The concept advocates for the implementation of eco-friendly strategies in ocean development, aiming for increased productivity while simultaneously ensuring the preservation of the ocean's overall health.
  • Factors Affecting Blue Economy: Sea-based Terror Activities, Disasters, Man-made Issues, Climate Change, and Marine Pollution
  • India's Maritime Landscape: India boasts a coastline stretching 7,500 km, with 9 out of 29 states having coastal boundaries.

oThe country is home to 1,382 islands.

oIndia's Exclusive Economic Zone extends over 2 million square kilometers.

  • India's Allocations in the Indian Ocean: In the Indian Ocean, India has been allocated areas abundant in rare metals by the International Seabed Authority. These include hydrothermal sulphide vents in the mid-ocean ridge area and poly-metallic nodules in the central Indian Ocean.

Blue Economy 2.0

  • About: The blue economy presents immense opportunities for sustainable growth. 
  • Aim: To promote climate resilience in the blue economy, a scheme for restoration and adaptation measures, as well as coastal aquaculture and mariculture, will be launched. 

Significance of the Blue Economy for India

  • Socio-Economic Opportunities: The expansive scope of India's blue economy presents a significant socio-economic opportunity, allowing the responsible utilization of ocean resources for the benefit of society.
  • Synergy With SDG: The concept aligns seamlessly with all of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with a particular emphasis on contributing to SDG14, which focuses on 'life below water.'
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