WORLD CROCODILE DAY 2024 (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     18th June 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: World Crocodile Day 2024 marks India's 50th year of saurian conservation efforts, with concerns raised for Bhitarkanika, a critical habitat for crocodiles in the country.


World Crocodile Day 2024

  • About: It is celebrated on June 17th. The recurrence is a global awareness crusade to highlight the problematic situation of endangered crocodiles and alligators worldwide.
  • Organized by: Crocodile Research Coalition, a Belize non-profit organization, in conjunction with the Belize Zoo.
  • Conservation in India: Bhitarkanika National Park


Crocodiles

  • About: These are cold-blooded creatures, semi-aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Australia.
  • Crocodiles in India: India is home to three species of crocodiles:
  • Mugger or Marsh Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris): Found in freshwater habitats across the Indian subcontinent.

oProtection Status:

üIUCN List of Threatened Species: Vulnerable

üCITES: Appendix I

üWildlife Protection Act, 1972:  Schedule I

  • Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus): Known for its ability to inhabit marine and freshwater environments.

oProtection Status:

üIUCN List of Threatened Species: Least Concern

üCITES: Appendix I (except the populations of Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, which are included in Appendix II).

üWildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I

  • Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus): Characterized by its long, thin snout, primarily found in northern India.

oProtection Status:

üIUCN List of Threatened Species: Critically Endangered

üCITES: Appendix I

üWildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I

Samadhaan