UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     28th February 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: The sixth assembly of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEA-6) opened in Nairobi, Kenya on February 26, 2024 with a call for multilateral actions to address the rising environmental crisis fuelled by climate change.


United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEA-6)

  • About: The sixth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA-6) takes place recently at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Aim: To help restore harmony between humanity and nature, improving the lives of the world’s most vulnerable people.
  • Focus: How multilateralism can help tackle the triple planetary crisis of climate change, nature and biodiversity loss, and pollution and waste.
  • Priorities and Policies: It prioritizes global environmental policies and the development of international environmental law to address pressing issues.
  • The 2030 Agenda: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development underscores the importance of comprehending environmental challenges and fostering preservation efforts.
  • History: Originating from the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, the UNEA emerged from the reformation of the UNEP Governing Council.
  • Universal Membership: The UNEA expanded its membership to include all 193 United Nations Member States, ensuring universal representation.
  • Roles and Functions: The Environment Assembly establishes the global environmental agenda, provides policy guidance, conducts policy reviews, and fosters partnerships for environmental goals.


UNEP

  • About: UNEP operates as a specialized agency within the United Nations system.
  • Origin: UNEP was established following the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 1972.
  • Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Function: To facilitate and coordinate environmental efforts across the United Nations.

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