TWO-STATE SOLUTION (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     3rd June 2024        
output themes

Context: Recently, India said that it was one of the first countries to recognise Palestine and has long supported the two-state solution to end the Israel-Palestine conflict.

Two-State Solution

  • About: It proposes dividing historical Palestine into an Arab state and a Jewish state.
  • Israel-Palestine Conflict: The two-state solution envisions the creation of independent Israel and Palestine, representing the mainstream approach to conflict resolution.
  • Historical Context: Israel, established in 1948, is a Jewish state within Palestine, while a Palestinian state remains unrealized.
  • Vision: The two-state solution envisions a legitimate, sovereign Palestine state, enjoying full rights as any other nation under the UN Charter.
  • Six-Day War: In the 1967 conflict, Israel gained control of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) from Jordan and Gaza from Egypt.

oThis victory solidified Israel's dominion over the entire territory stretching from the Mediterranean to the Jordan Valley.

  • 1993 Oslo Accords: The 1993 Oslo Accords were a historic moment as they marked the first formal recognition between the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

o Both parties publicly committed to negotiating a solution to their long-standing conflict, paving the way for further discussions.

  • Israel's Recognition of Palestinian Claims: The realization of the two-state vision necessitates that Israel abandons its opposition to Palestinian claims for national sovereignty.
  • Palestinian Statehood: Since the signing of the Oslo Accords, granting statehood to the Palestinians has remained a fundamental element of any proposal aimed at resolving the conflict, as it is widely recognized as the internationally endorsed solution.