MONETARY POLICY COMMITTEE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     3rd June 2024        

Context: The Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is anticipated to maintain the repo rate at 6.5% amidst persistent concerns over sticky food inflation.

Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)

  • About: It was established based on the recommendation of the Urjit Patel Committee.
  • Set up: Under Section 45ZB of the RBI Act of 1934 by the Union government.
  • Composition: It is a 6 member committee. There are in total three internal members and three external experts. The RBI Governor and Deputy Governor are also members of the MPC Committee.
  • Objectives: To improve the repo rate, reverse repo rate, liquidity, etc.
  • Instruments of Committee: Repo rate, Reverse Repo rate, Marginal Standing Facility (MSF), Bank Rate, Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Open Market Operations (OMOs)
  • Repo rate: The Repo Rate is the interest rate at which the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) loans money to commercial banks.
  • Reverse repo rate: Reverse repo is the inverse contract to the repo rate. The reverse repo rate is the rate at which the RBI borrows funds from the country's commercial banks.
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