JADES-GS-Z14-0 (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     3rd June 2024        
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Context: NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has spotted the earliest known galaxy, one that is surprisingly bright and big considering it formed during the universe’s infancy at only 2% its current age.


  • About: The galaxy, JADES-GS-z14-0, spans approximately 1,700 light-years across, with a light-year measuring 9.5 trillion kilometers.
  • Mass and Formation: Its mass equates to 500 million stars the size of our Sun, with a rapid rate of star formation, generating around 20 new stars annually.
  • Origin: JADES-GS-z14-0 represents the earliest-known galaxy, predating others by about 320 million years after the Big Bang, marking a significant milestone in cosmological understanding.
  • Size Challenge: The galaxy's considerable size poses a puzzle regarding its rapid formation within a few hundred million years, prompting inquiries into galactic evolution in the early universe.
  • Brightness: Its luminosity surpasses expectations, especially given the trend of galaxies growing brighter over time, raising questions about its future evolution.
  • Discovery: Alongside JADES-GS-z14-0, the JADES team unveils another ancient galaxy, JADES-GS-z14-1, offering insights into the early cosmos with its smaller size and distinct characteristics.

Reason of Galaxy’s Brightness

  • Supermassive Black Holes: Initially considered as the cause of early galaxy brightness due to their voracious consumption of matter.
  • Observational Contradiction: Recent findings suggest that the spread of light in early galaxies surpasses predictions based on black hole activity, casting doubt on this hypothesis.

o Other proposed hypotheses include the presence of a higher number of stars or stars with greater luminosity compared to contemporary ones.