TANZANIA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2– IR)

News-CRUX-10     10th October 2023        

Context: Recently, India and Tanzania elevated their bilateral ties to a strategic partnership when the Prime Minister of India hosted Samia Hassan, President of the African country, marking a significant milestone as the first head of state to visit India from the continent after the African Union's recent inclusion as a member of the G20.

  • Tanzania, which backed India's candidature for non-permanent membership of UNSC for 2028-29, announced it had decided to join the Global Biofuels Alliance launched by India at the G20 summit.
  • Both Countries agreed to enhance cooperation in maritime security in the Indian Ocean region and expressed satisfaction over the first-ever Indi Tanzania joint exclusive economic zone surveillance exercise.


  • Formation: It was formed as a sovereign state in 1964 through the union of the separate states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
  • Capital: Dodoma 
  • Located: It is located in east Africa just south of the Equator. 
  • Boundaries: Uganda, Lake Victoria and Kenya to the north, by the Indian Ocean to the east, by Mozambique, Lake Nyasa, Malawi and Zambia to the south and southwest and by Lake Tanganyika, Burundi and Rwanda to the west.
  • Mountain, Kilimanjaro (5,895 metres -Africa’s highest mountain)
  • Lake: Lake Tanganyika (the world’s second-deepest lake).