UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – International Organization)

News-CRUX-10     10th October 2023        

Context: Recently, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) expressed its deep distress over the announcement that Israel will initiate a complete siege of the Gaza Strip following an attack by the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas. United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

  • About: It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN).
  • Formation: By the UN Charter in 1945.
  • Objective: Primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • Members: 15 (5 permanent + 10 non-permanent members).
  • Headquarters: New York, USA.
  • UNSC Presidency: Held by each of the 15 members in turn for one month, based on English alphabetical order.
  • Eligibility for Presidency: Both permanent and non-permanent members are eligible for the UNSC presidency.
  • Presidential Powers: In the UNSC, the Council President has a broad range of procedural powers: They can call and preside over meetings, approve the UN body agenda for the month, issue presidential statements, decide the content & and theme of debates, etc.
  • India as a non-permanent member: 8 times. The latest membership was for the year 2021-22.


  • The aim for UNSC reforms encompasses Reform in categories of membership (permanent, non-permanent) question of the veto held by the five permanent members' representation Size of an enlarged Council and its working relationship between UNSC & and UNGA, etc.
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