STUDY ON MULTIVITAMINS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     23rd January 2024        

Context: A new study reported that adults 60 and older who took a daily multivitamin for two years scored higher on memory and cognitive tests than those who took a placebo — a rare example of a clinical trial finding that a nutritional supplement might actually benefit healthy people.

Key Points on Study

  • The study suggests that multivitamins can play a role in safeguarding cognitive health among older adults.
  • Safety: The research indicates that multivitamins are considered a safe option for cognitive health.
  • Affordability: Multivitamins are highlighted as an affordable approach in promoting cognitive well-being.
  • Accessible Approach: Multivitamins are portrayed as readily available, emphasizing their accessibility for a broad demographic.
  • Limited Benefits: Despite the positive outlook, experts note that the cognitive benefits observed were relatively small.
  • Supplement Effectiveness: The trial aims to explore whether supplements, including multivitamins, can protect against age-related diseases.


  • About: It combine various vitamins, minerals, and additional components under different names like multis, multiples, or simply vitamins.
  • Roles of Vitamins and Minerals: Each vitamin and mineral within MVMs plays a unique and essential role in maintaining the body's health and well-being.
  • Limitations of MVMs in Diet: MVMs are not a substitute for a diverse and healthy diet. They lack the complete nutritional profile found in whole foods.
  • Nutritional Benefits of Whole Foods: Whole foods offer more than just vitamins and minerals; they also provide fiber and other essential compounds beneficial for overall health.