SITTWE PORT (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     8th April 2024        

Context: After Chabahar, India has gained the rights to operate a second overseas port, Sittwe, in Myanmar. 

Sittwe Port

  • About: Located in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, Sittwe Port is a deep-sea port on the Bay of Bengal, jointly inaugurated by India and Myanmar.
  • Kaladan Multimodal Project: Sittwe Port forms a crucial part of the ambitious Kaladan Multimodal Project. 

oThe port is expected to enhance trade connectivity and foster people-to-people relations between India, Myanmar, and the wider South Asian region.

  • Stimulating Economic Growth: The port is also anticipated to stimulate economic growth in India's North Eastern region, aligning with the government's Act East policy.
  • Gateway to South East Asia: Moreover, Sittwe Port is poised to serve as India's gateway to South East Asia, which could catalyze regional growth and development.
  • Connectivity Components: From Sittwe Port, the route extends to Paletwa in Myanmar through an inland waterway and from Paletwa to Zorinpui in Mizoram via a road component.
  • Development Under KMTTP: Sittwe Port has been developed as a part of the Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP), funded under grant-in-aid assistance from the Government of India.
  • Operational Significance: Once fully operationalized, the waterway and road components of KMTTP will link the East coast of India to the North-eastern states through the Sittwe port.
  • Alternative Connectivity Route: This project was conceptualized to provide an alternative connectivity of Mizoram with Haldia / Kolkata / any Indian ports through Kaladan River in Myanmar.
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