SHETTIHALLI SANCTUARY (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     28th November 2023        

Context: Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the state government to expeditiously address the issues causing delays in notifying the eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) status for the Shettihalli wildlife sanctuary in Shivamogga, setting a six-month deadline for resolution.

Eco-Sensitive Zones

  • About: The Indian Government designates Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) around Protected Areas, National Parks, and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
  • Ministry: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC)
  • Area under ESZ: It could go up to 10 Km around Protected Areas.
  • Prohibited Activities: Mining, sawmills, the establishment of major hydroelectric projects, commercial use of wood, Tourism

Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Location: Shimoga District of Karnataka.
  • Coverage Area: 395.6 square kilometres.
  • Declared a wildlife sanctuary: On 23rd November 1974.
  • Vegetation: Predominantly covered by tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests.
  • Eastern and central parts are mostly covered by dry and moist deciduous forests, while the western parts have semi-evergreen forests.
  • Flora: Major tree species include silver oak, teak, Indian Thorny Bamboo, Calcutta bamboo, Asan, Tectona Grandis, Sweet Indrajao, Amla, etc.
  • Fauna: Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog, Jackal, Gaur, Elephant, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Wild Pig, Common Langur, Bonnet Macaque, etc.
  • Birds include Hornbills, Kingfishers, Bulbuls, Parakeets, Doves, Pigeons, Babblers, Flycatchers, Munias, Swallows, Woodpeckers, Peafowl, Jungle fowl, and Partridges.
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