SEMICONDUCTOR (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     26th October 2023        

Context: Recently, the Union Cabinet approved a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) between India and Japan to establish a semiconductor supply chain partnership, with a strong emphasis on research and development (R&D), manufacturing, design, and talent development within the industry.


  • About: Semiconductors are manufactured using minute particles of various raw materials.
  • Raw materials: Silicon, Germanium, and Gallium arsenide.
  • Through a process known as doping, the properties of these materials are modified to make them exhibit both conductive and non-conductive behavior as needed.
  • Multiple semiconductor chips are produced from a single silicon disc or wafer.

India’s Status in Semiconductor Supply Chain

  • India's chip imports, which currently account for all chips in the market, are expected to grow from the current USD 24 billion to reach USD 100 billion by 2025. 
  • This signifies India’s growing emphasis on internal semiconductor production, as well as its desire to establish a formidable presence in the global semiconductor supply chains.
  • SEMICONINDIA 2023: Organized by the India Semiconductor Mission in collaboration with industry and industry associations.

o Objective: To transform India into a worldwide center for Semiconductor Design, Manufacturing, and Technology Development, aligning with the vision of the India Semiconductor Mission.

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