PLFS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Social Issues)

News-CRUX-10     26th October 2023        
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Context: The Periodic Labour Force Surveys (PLFS) have recently been monitoring the gender earnings gap across various forms of employment from April to June 2019 to 2023.

Key Points

  • Men consistently earn more than women in all forms of work, with the greatest gender gap observed among self-employed individuals.
  • The gender gap in earnings has increased for self-employed workers but decreased for regular wage workers.
  • The rise in the gender gap in hours worked is attributed to increasing Labour force participation rates (LFPRs) among rural women in self-employment, but with many of these jobs being part­time in nature.


Periodic Labour Force Surveys (PLFS)

  • Objective: In urban areas, for a short three-month interval, focus on the 'Current Weekly Status' (CWS).
  • Annually, for both rural and urban areas, assess both the 'Usual Status' and CWS.
  • Key Indicators

o Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR): LFPR represents the proportion of individuals in the population who are part of the labor force, meaning they are either employed, actively seeking employment, or available for work.

o Worker Population Ratio (WPR): WPR denotes the percentage of the population that is employed.

o Unemployment Rate (UR): UR indicates the percentage of individuals within the labor force who are currently unemployed.

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