SAUDI ARABIA (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Geography)

News-CRUX-10     8th January 2024        

Context: India and Saudi Arabia have signed the Bilateral Haj Agreement 2024, further solidifying their ties and prioritizing the well-being of pilgrims.

Saudi Arabia

  • About: It is a country in West Asia. 
  • Coverage: It covers the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula and has a land area of about 2150000 km2 (830000 sq mi), making it the fifth-largest country in Asia and the largest in the Middle East.
  • Bordered by: The Red Sea to the west; 

oJordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north; 

oPersian Gulf, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to the east; 

oOman to the southeast; 

oand Yemen to the south.

oThe Gulf of Aqaba in the northwest separates Saudi Arabia from Egypt and Israel.

  • Capital: Riyadh
  • Five Terrestrial Ecoregions: Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert, Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna, Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands, Arabian Desert, and Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert.
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