ADITYA L1 MISSION (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     8th January 2024        

Context: Recently, the Prime Minister of India expressed joy as India's first solar observatory, Aditya-L1, reached its destination.

Aditya L1

  • About: Aditya L1 represents India's inaugural space mission dedicated to the study of the Sun.
  • Launched by: PSLV-XL launch vehicle.
  • The spacecraft is destined to be positioned in a halo orbit encircling Lagrange point 1 (L1) within the Sun-Earth system, located approximately 1.5 million km away from Earth.
  • This continuous observation capability will significantly enhance the capacity to monitor solar activities and their immediate impact on space weather in real time.
  • Payloads: Aditya L1 carries a total of seven payloads, which are designed to scrutinize the photosphere, chromosphere, and the outermost solar layers (the corona) using various detectors for electromagnetic waves, particles, and magnetic fields.
  • Objective: To unravel the fundamental drivers of space weather, which encompass the origin, composition, and dynamics of the solar wind. 

Lagrangian Points

  • About: These are particular points in space where the gravitational forces between two massive objects, like a planet and its moon or a planet and the Sun, create areas of heightened gravitational stability/equilibrium.
  • Found by: Joseph Louis Lagrange.
  • Located: About 1.5 million kilometres inside Earth's orbit, between the Sun and the Earth.