SAFAI APNAO, BIMAARI BHAGAO (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Health)

News-CRUX-10     27th June 2024        

Context: The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched the Safai Apnao, Bimaari Bhagao (SABB) initiative under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0.

Safai Apnao, Bimaari Bhagao (SABB) Initiative

  • About: SABB, part of the ‘STOP Diarrhoea Campaign’, runs from 1 July to 31 August 2024.
  • Focus: The initiative targets improving sanitation and hygiene conditions during the monsoon through activities like cleanliness drives, waste collection, and water quality sampling.
  • Adopted Strategy: Aims to identify high-risk areas and implement the Protect Prevent Treat Strategy (PPTS) to mitigate diarrhoeal diseases.

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0

  • Introduction: SBM-U 2.0 is the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission launched by the Government of India in 2014.
  • Launched: Launched on October 1, 2021, to build upon the achievements of the first phase.
  • Objective: Aims to make urban India “garbage free” by 2026 through 100% source segregation, door-to-door waste collection, and scientific waste management.

Open Defecation Free++ (ODF++)

  • Goal: Ensure all community and public toilets are functional, well-maintained, and promote wastewater treatment and reuse.
  • Comprehensive Approach: Aims for comprehensive sanitation by addressing toilet functionality, maintenance, and wastewater management.