RTS PROGRAMME (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     27th June 2024        

Context: Rooftop solar (RTS) has the potential to transform India’s energy landscape by providing a sustainable, decentralized, and affordable solution for the country's increasing electricity demands.

RTS Programme

  • Launch: The Indian government launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission in January 2010.
  • It was the first major initiative to promote the growth of solar energy.
  • Nodal Agency: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  • Objective: The main objective was to produce 20 GW of solar energy (including RTS) in three phases: 2010-2013, 2013-2017, and 2017-2022.
  • Revised Target: In 2015, the government revised this target to 100 GW by 2022, including a 40 GW RTS component, with specific yearly targets for each State and Union Territory.

oIndia achieved an installed RTS capacity of about 7.5 GW.

  • Deadline: The government extended the deadline for the 40 GW target to 2026.
  • Factors for RTS Growth: Sustainable Partnership for RTS Acceleration in Bharat, SUPRABHA, and the Sustainable Rooftop Implementation for Solar Transfiguration of India, SRISTI, schemes.
  • Future Targets: To meet India’s ambitious target of installing 500 GW of renewable energy capacity (with a solar component of 280 GW) by 2030 and its larger net-zero goals by 2070, RTS alone needs to contribute about 100 GW by 2030.

Muft Bijli Yojana Scheme

  • Objective: Provide free electricity to households in India through the installation of solar panels.
  • Launch on: February, 2024, by Prime Minister. 
  • Subsidy Coverage: The scheme provides a subsidy covering up to 40% of the cost of solar panels.
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