PRESIDENT OF INDIA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Polity)

News-CRUX-10     6th September 2023        
Samadhaan

Context: An invitation for a G20 dinner was sent out by President Droupadi Murmu in her capacity as “President of Bharat" instead of “President of India"

The opposition contended that the decision contravened the Constitution and attempted to associate it with the naming of the 28-party opposition alliance as "INDIA."President of India

  • Article 52 of the Constitution of India: A President of India shall perpetually hold office.
  • Eligibility: He should be an Indian Citizen
  • His age should be a minimum of 35 years
  • He should qualify the conditions to be elected as a member of the Lok Sabha
  • Election of President: The President of India is to be elected indirectly by an electoral college under the system of proportional representation.
  • Nominated members of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha and the Assemblies, and members of state Legislative Councils, are not part of the Electoral College
  • Term: The President shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters his office
  • President Impeachment: Article 61, the President can be removed from his office before the expiry of his term only on the grounds of violation of the constitution.

INDIA or BHARAT

  • Article 1 of the Constitution: India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.
  • The draft of Article 1 was adopted on September 18, 1949, which was moved by the chairman of the Drafting Committee, Dr. Ambedkar.
  • Article 52 of the Constitution says, “There shall be a President of India," with no mention of Bharat.
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