AFRICA’S CARBON CHALLENGES (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     6th September 2023        

Context: President William Ruto, during the inauguration of the Africa Climate Summit 2023 in Nairobi, Kenya, emphasized that despite its minimal carbon footprint, Africa disproportionately experiences the human impacts of climate change, underscoring the critical necessity for both regional and worldwide collaborative efforts.Key Points

  • Africa can be the green industrial hub that helps other nations achieve their net-zero strategies by 2050. This presents an opportunity for global economic growth and environmental sustainability.
  • Africa's carbon footprint is relatively small, but the human impact of climate change is disproportionately severe, emphasizing the urgent need for action.
  • Renewables like wind, solar, and hydro have the potential to make Africa energy self-sufficient and a global green growth leader, contributing to decarbonizing the global economy.
  • President Ruto stressed the importance of private sector incentives in energy infrastructure development to address widespread energy poverty in Africa.
  • Africa's mineral resources, including critical materials for electric vehicles, offer substantial economic opportunities, potentially reaching trillions of dollars through a sustainable, value-added approach.
  • Additionally, climate-smart agriculture and nature conservation are crucial for sustainable development.

Carbon Footprint

  • It denotes the quantity of greenhouse gases, predominantly CO2, discharged into the atmosphere due to specific human activities.
  • This metric is quantified as the weight of CO2 emissions generated in metric tons.
  • The carbon footprint comprises both direct emissions, like those stemming from driving a car, and the emissions linked to the consumption of goods and services (indirect emissions).
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