NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     18th December 2023        
output themes

Context: Recently, Russia has issued a warning of potential "problems" with neighboring Finland following its NATO membership earlier this year, announcing that Moscow will establish a new military district in north-west Russia as a response.


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

  • About: NATO is an Intergovernmental political & military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty signed in 1949.
  • Headquarter: Brussels, Belgium
  • Objective: Formed to ensure collective security in Western Europe and in response to deteriorating relations between the US and the USSR after World War II (cold war period).
  • Members: 31 countries (Finland become its 31st member)
  • Article 10: It sets out how countries can join the Alliance. It states that membership is open to any "European State in a position to further the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area".
  • Collective Defence: Attack against one or several of its members is considered as an attack against all. 


NATO Plus

  • Composition: NATO Plus comprises the NATO along with five countries—Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Israel, and South Korea.
  • Global Defence Cooperation: The group collaborates to enhance global defense cooperation, fostering stronger ties among member nations.


Advantages for India

  • Seamless Intelligence Sharing: Becoming a member of NATO Plus would grant India access to seamless intelligence sharing among member countries.
  • Timely Access to Military Technology: India would enjoy timely access to the latest military technology, reducing time lags in acquiring critical defense capabilities.
  • Strengthened Defence Partnership: Membership in NATO Plus would further solidify India's defense partnership with the United States, contributing to strategic alignment and cooperation.

output themes