NITI AYOG (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Polity & Governance)

News-CRUX-10     13th September 2023        

Context: NITI Aayog undertakes Special Campaign 2.0 for disposal of pending matters and Swachhta. The focus of the campaign was to ensure timely and effective disposal of Public Grievances references from Members of Parliament, State Governments, Inter-Ministerial Consultations and Parliamentary Assurances by Ministries / Departments. 


  • It is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Union Government, providing both directional and policy inputs.
  • Establishment: In 2015 via an executive resolution by replacing the Planning Commission of India
  • Objective: To develop a common vision for both the Central and State governments, recognizing that robust states are the foundation of a robust nation.
  • To encourage an ongoing environment of competitive and cooperative federalism among the states.
  • Composition of NITI Aayog
  • Chairperson: Prime Minister
  • Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by Prime-Minister
  • Governing Council: Chief Ministers of all states and Lt. Governors of Union Territories.
  • Regional Council: To address specific regional issues, Comprising Chief Ministers and Lt. Governors Chaired by Prime Minister or his nominee.
  • Ex-Officio membership: Maximum four from Union council of ministers to be nominated by Prime minister.
  • Special Invitees: Experts, Specialists with domain knowledge nominated by Prime-minister.

Special Campaign 2.0

  • Inaugurating Gandhi's Clean India Vision: The Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) launched a special campaign aimed at addressing pending matters.
  • Evolution from 2021 to 2023: Originally initiated from October 2nd to 31st, 2021, this campaign's remarkable success led to its extension into 2022 and further into 2023, giving rise to Special Campaign 2.0.