G-7 (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     13th September 2023        
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Context: Recently, German Ambassador Philipp Ackermann emphasized that the G-7 countries' agreement on the draft declaration saved the G-20 from an early demise, despite claims by some countries, like Ukraine, that Western nations had completely compromised their stance on Russia and Ukraine.


  • About: It is an intergovernmental organization. The bloc meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
  • Formation: 1975.
  • G7 countries: UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US.
  • India is not a part of G7
  • Membership: Apart from the 7 member countries, the European Union (EU) has also participated fully in the G7 since 1981 as a “non-enumerated” member.
  • Presidency: It rotates annually among the member countries, with each country hosting the summit and setting the agenda for the year.
  • Meetings: The G7 holds annual meetings. 
  • Informal nature: The G7 does not have a formal charter or secretariat. Decisions are made through consensus, and there is no formal voting system or legal obligations.
  • Recent summit: The 49th G7 summit was held in Hiroshima, Japan.
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