NEW SPECIES OF FROG (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     24th November 2023        
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Context: Recently, scientists have discovered a new species of frog in Arunachal Pradesh.

New Species of Frog

  • About: A recently discovered species of 'music frog' has been officially named Nidirana noadihing.
  • Phenotypical Distinction: The new frog within the Nidirana genus displays distinctive morphological characteristics that set it apart from its congeners.
  • First-Time Confirmation in India: This marks the inaugural confirmation of the presence of the Nidirana genus in India.
  • Distribution: Nidirana species have been identified in various regions, including Japan, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand.

  • Habitat: Nidirana frogs are known to inhabit diverse environments such as swamps, ponds, and paddy fields, and they exhibit a tendency to construct nests for egg-laying.
  • Naming after Noa-Dihing River: The new species has been aptly named after the Noa-Dihing River, reflecting its proximity to the location where specimens were discovered and collected.
  • Characteristics: The amphibians showcase distinct features, including irregularly shaped and sized spots on their eyelids, dark stripes surrounding moderately large eyes, gold-rimmed pupils, and dark brown irises with a golden spackle.