MOUNTAIN GOATS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     27th January 2024        

Context: Warmer temperatures caused by climate change are changing the lifestyles of mountain goats in the European Alps, according to research.

Alpine ibex

  • About: It is a distinctive species of goat thriving in the mountainous regions of the European Alps.
  • Scientific name: Capra ibex
  • Taxonomy: Belonging to the genus Capra, the Alpine ibex is one among the ten recognized species. Its closest living relative is identified as the Iberian ibex.
  • Size and Horns: This species exhibits sexual dimorphism, with males being larger in size and sporting longer horns compared to their female counterparts.
  • Characteristics: The Alpine ibex is characterized by a coat with a brownish-grey coloration, contributing to its adaptability in the alpine environment.
  • Habitat: Predominantly inhabit steep and rough terrains, as well as open alpine meadows.
  • Altitudinal Range: These goats are known to dwell at impressive elevations, reaching up to 3,300 meters (10,800 feet) above sea level, showcasing their remarkable adaptability to high-altitude living.
  • Adaptive Hooves: Equipped with sharp hooves, the Alpine ibex adeptly navigates its mountainous habitat, showcasing remarkable agility and climbing capabilities.
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