GDPIR (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Governance)

News-CRUX-10     25th November 2023        

Context: Recently, Prime Minister of India unveiled two India-led ventures at the Virtual G20 Leaders' Summit: the Global Digital Public Infrastructure Repository and a Social Impact Fund, propelling Digital Public Infrastructure in the Global South.

Global Digital Public Infrastructure Repository (GDPIR)

  • About: Digital public infrastructure (DPI) is a digital network that enables countries to safely and efficiently deliver economic opportunities and social services to all residents. 

oThe GDPIR is an initiative spearheaded by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).

  • Resource Hub Overview: Functioning as a hub, GDPIR consolidates valuable insights and expertise from G20 members and guest nations.
  • Bridging Knowledge Gaps: The primary goal of GDPIR is to address the knowledge gap related to choices and methodologies crucial for the development, implementation, and governance of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs).
  • Information Presentation: GDPIR presents information in a standardized format, encompassing maturity scales, source codes (where available), and governance frameworks. Currently, it features 54 DPIs from 16 countries.
  • Incorporated Indian DPIs: The GDPIR includes prominent Digital Public Infrastructures from India, such as Aadhaar, Unified Payments Interface (UPI), DigiLocker, Umang, eSanjeevani, API Setu, Co-WIN, Government e-Marketplace, Diksha, E-Hospital, Poshan Tracker, and Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).

Social Impact Fund

  • About: The initiative is conceptualized as a multi-stakeholder effort led by the government, aimed at expediting the implementation of Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) in the global south.
  • Fund Purpose: The fund is designed to provide financial support, offering both technical and non-technical assistance, to countries involved in the development of DPI systems.