GAGANYAAN MISSION (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Science and Technology)

News-CRUX-10     26th September 2023        
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Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully completed the CE20 E13 engine hot test for the Gaganyaan qualification and 22-tonne thrust qualification.

Gaganyaan Mission

  • About: The Gaganyaan project envisages demonstration of human spaceflight capability by launching a crew of 3 members to an orbit of 400 km for a 3 days mission and bringing them back safely to Earth.

  • Expected Launch: In 2025)
  • Part of: Indian Human Spaceflight Programme (IHSP), which was initiated (2007) by the ISRO to develop the technology needed to launch crewed orbital spacecraft into low earth orbit (LEO).
  • Launch Vehicle: GSLV Mk-lll (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) the three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle will be used for carrying the orbital module.

oIndia’s heaviest rocket consists of a solid stage, liquid stage, and cryogenic stage.

  • Objective: To demonstrate the capability to send humans to low earth orbit on board an Indian launch vehicle and bring them back to Earth safely.
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