ESAKSHYA (E-EVIDENCE) SYSTEMS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Governance)

News-CRUX-10     26th June 2024        
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Context: Days before the implementation of three new criminal laws, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is currently testing eSakshya (e-evidence) systems.

eSakshya (e-evidence) Systems

  • About: It a mobile-based application to help police record scene of crime, search and seizure in a criminal case and upload the file on the cloud-based platform.
  • Procedure: Upon completing the procedures, police officials are required to upload a selfie through the application.
  • File Specifications: Each recording made through eSakshya can be a maximum of four minutes long. Multiple files can be uploaded for each First Information Report (FIR).
  • Developed by: National Informatics Centre (NIC), eSakshya will be accessible to all police stations upon registration and download of the application.
  • Alternative Uploading Method: Alternatively, police can upload files directly through eSakshya, requiring good internet speed for efficient uploading.


  • The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) that replaces the Indian Penal Code, 1860; the Bharatiya Sakshya (BS) which replaces the Indian Evidence Act, 1872; and the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) that replaces the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898.
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