EARLY WARNING FOR ALL INITIATIVE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Disaster Management)

News-CRUX-10     9th April 2024        

Context: India is helping Nepal, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Mauritius develop early warning systems to reduce the loss of life and property due to extreme weather events.

Early Warning for All Initiative

  • About: It is an initiative announced by the United Nations in 2022.
  • Aim: To ensure that everyone is protected from hazardous weather, water or climate events through life-saving early warning systems by the end of 2027.
  • Need: 50% of the countries do not have an early warning system.
  • India’s efforts: India is helping five of the 30 countries identified across the world for the first phase of the initiative of establishing early warning systems.

Early Warning System:

  • About: It is a collection of capacities aimed at producing and distributing timely and relevant warning information regarding potential extreme events or disasters.
  • Types of Threats Addressed: EWS covers a range of threats including floods, droughts, fires, earthquakes, and tsunamis, which pose risks to human lives and livelihoods.
  • Elements

oRisk Knowledge: It  is crucial for prioritizing mitigation and prevention strategies.

oMonitoring and Predicting: Systems with monitoring and predictive capabilities provide timely risk estimates.

oDisseminating Information: Communication systems deliver reliable and understandable warning messages to affected areas.

oResponse: Effective coordination, governance, action plans, and public education are essential for response.

Role of Early Warning Systems

  • Life Preservation and Economic Impact Reduction: Early warning systems save lives and reduce economic losses from natural hazards.
  • Global Targets: Increasing multi-hazard early warning systems aligns with global disaster risk reduction goals.
  • Coastal Warning for Fishermen: EWS provide crucial alerts, such as advising fishermen to avoid hazardous seas.
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