CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 - Cyber Security)

News-CRUX-10     17th August 2023        
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Context:  IITM Pravartak Technologies Foundation at IIT Madras, a Technology Innovation Hub for Sensors, Networking, Actuators and Control Systems (SNACS), supported by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical Systems (NM-ICPS), along with its incubated startup, is developing an indigenous security testing solution for 5G core network functions and Radio Access Network (RAN) software..

Key Points

  • This technology solution can automatically identify zero-day vulnerabilities in the network in advance by using techniques such as fuzzing and test oracles.
  • This can help smoothen countrywide communication as 5G networks become its lifeline in the near future.
  • Around ninety percent of the 5G technology is implemented into software by integrating several latest technologies (NFV, SDN, control plane/user plane segregation) which enable testing the technology easily. 
  • But attack surface area is increased multifold in this process and is impossible to manage manually. 
  • Automating the whole testing process and continuous monitoring is the only sustainable solution.

National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems

  • About: It was launched in 2018 at a total outlay of Rs.3660 Crores for a period of five years.
    • Cyber-physical system combines digital/cyber elements with physical objects (e.g. machines, autonomous vehicles) and data with capabilities of communication, data collection & processing, computing, decision making and action
  • Objectives: It is comprehensive mission to address technology development, application development, human resource development & skill enhancement, entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies.
    • As part of the Mission implementation, 25 Technology Innovation Hubs (TIHs) have been established in advanced technologies in reputed institutes across the country.
  • Nodal Ministry: It is being implemented by Department of Science & Technology under the Ministry of Science and Technology.