CROP RESIDUES (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     14th November 2023        
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Context: Recently, the Supreme Court of India has delivered a strong admonishment to Punjab and Haryana for their involvement in crop residue burning.

Crop Residues

  • About: Crop residues are materials left on cultivated land after the crop has been harvested.
  • Benefits: They have the potential to enhance soil structure, elevate organic matter levels within the soil, decrease evaporation rates, and contribute to carbon dioxide sequestration in the soil.
  • Soil Quality Boost: Effective residue management practices enhance soil quality on agricultural lands, yielding numerous benefits.
  • Biofuel Potential: Crop residues can serve as a valuable resource for biofuel production, offering sustainable energy solutions.

Crop Residue Management Guidelines

  • Guideline revised by: Ministry of Agriculture
  • Key features of Guideline: Techno-commercial pilot projects for the Paddy Straw Supply Chain will be established through bilateral agreements between Beneficiaries/Aggregators and Industries.
  • The guidelines aim to facilitate the effective ex-situ management of paddy straw generated in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi.

Why are Farmers Burning Crop Residues?

  • Shorter cropping cycles
  • Increased mechanisation of harvesting
  • Labour shortage
  • No market for crop residue