COGNITIVE TEST (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     9th July 2024        
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Context: Amid concerns over the US President's fitness for the White House race, calls have arisen for him to undergo a cognitive test to assess his mental acuity.


Cognitive Test

  • Definition: Cognitive testing assesses brain functions like thinking, learning, memory, judgment, and language to detect any impairments.
  • Process: It follows a methodical approach to identify deficits in cognitive functions and determine their causes.
  • Determining Cognitive Impairment: Results help diagnose conditions like cognitive impairment, dementia, or pseudo-dementia.
  • Treatment Decisions: Results guide decisions on interventions such as behavior therapies and cognitive therapies.
  • Recommended: People who have memory deficits, or who think they are losing memory or becoming forgetful, have difficulty in focusing or in judgment, or whose mind is not working as they think it should be working, should take the test.
  • Age and Cognitive Decline: Age is a significant factor in cognitive decline. The risk of dementia increases with each decade after 60, becoming notably higher after age 75.
  • Purpose of Testing: Cognitive tests help differentiate between dementia, cognitive impairment, and pseudo-dementia by assessing memory, language, calculation, and organizational skills.
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