CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     24th February 2024        
output themes

Context: The problem of toxic arsenic and fluoride in groundwater across various areas of the country is not being effectively addressed by the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA).

oThe NGT observed that despite these elements having a very bad effect on the human body, the CGWA has not installed arsenic and fluoride removal plants in these areas.


Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA)

  • About: CGWA has been constituted under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to regulate and control development and management of ground water resources in the country.
  • Establishment: January 1997
  • Objective: To Develop and disseminate technologies, and monitor and implement national policies for the Scientific and Sustainable development and management of India's Ground Water Resources
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Vision: Sustainable development and management of Ground Water resources of the Country.
  • Powers & Functions

oExercise of powers under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for issuing directions and taking such measures in respect of all the matters referred to in sub-section(2) of section 3 of the said Act.

oTo resort to penal provisions contained in sections 15 to 21 of the said Act.

oTo regulate and control, management and development of ground water in the country and to issue necessary regulatory directions for the purpose.

oExercise of powers under section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for the appointment of officers.

Samadhaan