BT COTTON (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Agriculture)

News-CRUX-10     15th September 2023        
output themes

Context: The pink bollworm has taken a toll on the fiber crop (cotton), even as new “mating disruption” technologies to control the pest are showing promise.


  • About: It  is one of the most important commercial crops cultivated in India and accounts for around 25% of the total global cotton production.
  • Species of Cultivated Cotton: Gossypium arboreum and Herbaceum (Asian cotton), G.barbadense (Egyptian cotton) and G. hirsutum (American Upland cotton).
  • Major States: Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Pink bollworm

  • It is one of the most destructive pests of cotton.
  • Scientific name: Pectinophora gossypiella
  • Distribution: Originally native to India, it is now recorded in nearly all the cotton-growing countries of the world.

BT Cotton

  • About: is a genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically modified pest resistant plant cotton variety, which produces an insecticide to combat bollworm.
  • Commercially grown in India: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) cotton
  • Approved for Cultivation by: The Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC).
  • It a joint venture between Monsanto and Mahyco.