BLACK-NECKED CRANE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3– Environment)

News-CRUX-10     6th February 2024        
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Context:   The Wildlife Institute of India and the Zoological Survey of India have been carrying out assessment of the black-necked cranes. 


Scientific Name: Grus nigricollis.


  • The cranes primarily breed in high-altitude wetlands of the Tibetan plateau, Sichuan (China), and eastern Ladakh (India), migrating to lower altitudes during winter.
  • In Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, they are seen only during winters, with specific areas in Tawang and West Kameng districts serving as their wintering grounds.
  • As per the survey conducted by Wildlife Institute of India in 2016-2017 in Ladakh region, the population size of black necked crane was around 66-69 individuals. In Arunachal Pradesh, a small population of approximately 11 individuals arrives during winter months

Protection Status:

  • The Black-necked Crane is listed in Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, thereby according them the highest degree of protection.
  • The species is also listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora and the Convention on conservation of Migratory Species.

Conservation measures:

  • The important habitats of Black-necked Crane have been notified as a Protected Areas, for example, Changthang Sanctuary, Ladakh.
  • The Tso Kar Wetlands Complex, an important foraging and breeding ground for Black-necked Crane has been designated as a Ramsar Site.