QUAD (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     6th February 2024        
output themes

Context: Leaders of the Quad nations may not be able to meet for a summit in India before the U.S. elections, U.S. Ambassador said.


  • About: It is also known as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or simply the Quad, is an Informal strategic forum.
  • History: It was initially proposed by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007. Nevertheless, the initiative faced obstacles as Australia withdrew from it, seemingly influenced by Chinese pressure, which hindered its progress.
  • Established: 2007 (1st time); lasted until 2008, 2017 (re-established).
  • Members: United States, Japan, India, and Australia.
  • Aim: To promote regional security and economic cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Quad Plus: A first Quad Plus meeting that included representatives from South Korea, New Zealand, and Vietnam.