BHAGAT SINGH (Syllabus: GS Paper 1– Modern History)

News-CRUX-10     30th September 2023        
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Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently honoured the memory of the legendary revolutionary Shaheed Bhagat Singh on his birth anniversary.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh

  • About: He was born in Banga village of Punjab, British India (now Pakistan).
  • In 1925, inspired by European nationalist movements, he formed Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
  • Influence: His family was influenced by the Ghadar Movement and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which fueled his early patriotism and revolutionary fervor.
  • Books: Why I am an Atheist, Jail notebook.
  • Ideology: Revolutionary, Socialist, secular.
  • Values: Sacrifice, Courage, Bravery

Involvement in the Freedom Struggle

  • HSRA Involvement: Bhagat Singh became a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization committed to overthrowing British rule through armed struggle.
  • Protest Against Simon Commission: Lala Lajpat Rai led a protest against the Simon Commission, sustaining injuries in a police baton charge that led to his death.
  • Assembly Bombing: Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt staged a non-lethal smoke bomb attack in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in April 1929 to protest repressive laws and draw attention to their revolutionary ideals.
  • Lahore Conspiracy Case: He was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Lahore Conspiracy Case for the killing of J.P. Saunders, a police officer connected to Lala Lajpat Rai's death.
  • Hunger Strike: Bhagat Singh's hunger strike challenged unequal treatment of Indian political detainees, demanding their rights and improved living conditions.